In 1992, almost four decades later, then-Indonesian President Suharto addressed a grown body of states at the 10th summit of the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM) in Jakarta, seeing a further need for “Third World” countries to represent their interests collectively.
On April 24, exactly 60 years after the first large-scale Asian-African summit, incumbent Indonesian President Joko Widodo reiterated in his speech at the Asian-African Conference 2015 the relevance of South-South cooperation. He accused industrialized nations of actively hampering the development of poorer countries.
Soon after the 2015 summit, critics voiced their concern that after six decades of Asian-African cooperation, nothing had changed and that it would not be enough to only criticize others for the shortcomings of the Global South. Sarcastic voices even called the conference a waste of money and resources.