broad-ranging areas currently under discussion within the multilateral context. This requires careful consideration, not only in terms of the planning of the conference, but in addressing key geo-political divisions in supporting a transparent, equitable and credible negotiation process. This report is a compilation of the analysis and discussion following a two day conference hosted by the IGD and FES in Pretoria (July 2011). It considers the role of Africa and the emerging powers in shaping the future shape and direction of the climate change regime. It also provides insights into the UNFCCC process as experienced by Denmark and Mexico as well as South Africa’s own experiences as both host and participant in large-scale multilateral negotiations. With the spotlight firmly on South Africa for COP17, the final analyses address the role of the country in providing innovative proposals and in drawing divergent positions together in support of an inclusive and transparent COP. Through an examination of environmental diplomacy, multilateralism and the climate change negotiations this report provides key insights into the opportunities and challenges that confront South Africa as hosts of these important negotiations.