[in] focus

Youth Advocacy, #FeesMustFall and New Diplomacies

Wayne JumatThe South African, Chilean and Colombian economies have generally struggled due to factors such as corruption (public and private), the global economic recession, struggling economic performance and productivity, growing populations and needs, brain drain, persistent inequality and poverty, declining public expenditures particularly on education, and challenges of sourcing investments. The South African situation is fraught with threats to economic advancement, as it is has to prioritise various development projects apart from education, while simultaneously dealing with the South African economy that was predicted to grow by 2% for 2015. However, there may be ways to resolve the challenges of education, despite the attempts by the respective governments to temper student dissatisfaction and resolve the issues put on the table by the frustrated youth.

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Reflecting on Pan-Africanism in Foreign Policy: The case of South Africa and Jamaica

Wayne JumatJamaica’s contribution to the struggle against apartheid, slavery, colonialism, racism, Pan-Africanism and inequality on the African continent is notable. This history connects both South Africa and Jamaica, as Jamaica became the first State to declare a trade embargo against the Apartheid government of South Africa in 1957.[1] The two countries have strong historical and political ties, as Jamaica played an important role in supporting South Africa in the struggle against Apartheid.[2] The relationship between the two countries has also been based on a common desire to influence the global agenda in the 21st century, in a manner that reflects the aspirations of developing countries, and the African Diaspora in particular.

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The Involvement of the United States of America in the South China Sea Dispute

lonagqiza smallIt is no secret that the United States of America (USA) and China are two of the most powerful countries in the international community. The recent South China Sea dispute is an ongoing conflict that involves China and a couple of countries in Southeast Asia situated next to the controversial and contested islands. There are two groups of islands that are up for contention namely the Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands. China, Taiwan and Vietnam are competing for the Paracel Islands while Brunei, Malaysia, China, the Philippines and Vietnam compete for the Spratly Islands. China claims both islands and claims that they both entirely belong to the People’s Republic of China based on the history of the region. The main reason for the contention of the islands is because the islands are rich in deposits of natural resources. The islands serve as military vicinities and could also open regional trade routes for countries in control.

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Socio-Economic Change, Post-Democracy under Morales Leadership

nalediplaaitjiesBolivia is known for its political instability and forced removal of political leaders through military coups. Following Evo Morales electoral victory in 2005, Bolivia has experienced significant economic growth and political stability. This is indicated by the growth rate in GDP PPP (from $4 578 in 2005 to $5 279 in 2010, and $5 650 in 2012) and improvement in the Human Development Index (HDI), climbing from rank 115 in 2008 to 113 in 2013. Morales is the longest serving Bolivian President to date, due largely to a strong electoral base consisting of indigenous civilians and the working class. Morales has been re-elected to run office for a third term, with large sectors of the Bolivian society now calling for him to run for a fourth term. This paper will look at the manner in which the pro-Morales civilians plan to achieve their goal of keeping the President in office for another term and how Morales managed to maintain a strong support base.

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The ICC is in the I.C.U

Faith MaberaWord around town these days is that the International Criminal Court has been dealt a death blow and recovery prospects are looking rather bleak. The Bashir fiasco in South Africa points to some level of truth behind the assertion that the ICC is in fact politically dead but perhaps an even more glaring question is, who will drive the final nail into the coffin?

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