[in] focus

Socio-Economic Change, Post-Democracy under Morales Leadership

nalediplaaitjiesBolivia is known for its political instability and forced removal of political leaders through military coups. Following Evo Morales electoral victory in 2005, Bolivia has experienced significant economic growth and political stability. This is indicated by the growth rate in GDP PPP (from $4 578 in 2005 to $5 279 in 2010, and $5 650 in 2012) and improvement in the Human Development Index (HDI), climbing from rank 115 in 2008 to 113 in 2013. Morales is the longest serving Bolivian President to date, due largely to a strong electoral base consisting of indigenous civilians and the working class. Morales has been re-elected to run office for a third term, with large sectors of the Bolivian society now calling for him to run for a fourth term. This paper will look at the manner in which the pro-Morales civilians plan to achieve their goal of keeping the President in office for another term and how Morales managed to maintain a strong support base.

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The Involvement of the United States of America in the South China Sea Dispute

lonagqiza smallIt is no secret that the United States of America (USA) and China are two of the most powerful countries in the international community. The recent South China Sea dispute is an ongoing conflict that involves China and a couple of countries in Southeast Asia situated next to the controversial and contested islands. There are two groups of islands that are up for contention namely the Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands. China, Taiwan and Vietnam are competing for the Paracel Islands while Brunei, Malaysia, China, the Philippines and Vietnam compete for the Spratly Islands. China claims both islands and claims that they both entirely belong to the People’s Republic of China based on the history of the region. The main reason for the contention of the islands is because the islands are rich in deposits of natural resources. The islands serve as military vicinities and could also open regional trade routes for countries in control.

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South Africa’s Conference Diplomacy: The World Forestry Conference in Durban

conference diplomacySouth Africa recently hosted the largest gathering of world leaders, business people, farmer organizations, forestry experts and activists to discuss the state of forests and issues connected to this. This has been billed as one of the most important conferences because it connected forestry with matters of agriculture and well-being. What are the ramifications of this on South Africa’s conference diplomacy?

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The ICC is in the I.C.U

Faith MaberaWord around town these days is that the International Criminal Court has been dealt a death blow and recovery prospects are looking rather bleak. The Bashir fiasco in South Africa points to some level of truth behind the assertion that the ICC is in fact politically dead but perhaps an even more glaring question is, who will drive the final nail into the coffin?

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ANC discussion document: Mapping a foreign policy engagement?

Sanusha NaiduRecently the ruling party released its National General Council (NGC) discussion document in view of the NGC conference that was held from 8-11 October 2015 at Gallagher Estate in Midrand. The conference was a significant gathering of the party’s executive structures, its constituency groupings and stalwarts that are attending the 3-day discussions to engage in policy debates that will shape legislation and outline governance outcomes for the next five years.

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