Relations between South Africa and Zimbabwe pose interesting questions about regional dynamics in Southern Africa in the context of China’s growing footprint on the African continent. Rather than describing the relationship, the following article suggests a way of understanding it in a changing global political landscape. It does this by presenting five key themes, namely 1) the Johannesburg FOCAC Summit in 2015, 2) China’s second Africa policy paper released prior to the summit, 3) the convergence of the inception of FOCAC and Zimbabwe’s Look East policy, 4) the role of emerging powers in establishing regional autonomy, and 5) the fallacy of using traditional International Relations lenses to explain the relationship between South Africa and Zimbabwe throughout the political crisis that unfolded.
The murder of Congolese resident M K Olivier in India has given a jolt to the bonhomie of Africa-India relations. There have been attempts to temper this and the spate of other incidents against Africans in India as cases of urban violence and scuffles without having to do with racial prejudice1. Racial and urban violence cannot necessarily be dissociated from one another and in any case one does not stand as an alibi for the other. We argue that racism is not just ‘skin’ deep. It isn’t a superficial phenomenon arising simply from differences in physical appearance or culture. Racism is a complex phenomenon which comes from a self-induced image of the other against one’s own conception of grandeur.
Servitude or slavery has been a pervasive problem in the world throughout history and even though it was officially eliminated in the nineteenth century, it still exists today. Human trafficking has been categorized as a modern form of slavery.
The brutal murder of a young Congolese man, Masonda Ketanda Oliver followed closely by the four separate attacks on seven Africans near Chattarpur in south Delhi at the end of May, has blown the lid off the simmering pot of resentment against the treatment of Africans immigrants in India, especially the large student population. President Pranab Mukherjee condemned the attacks and said: “It would be most unfortunate if the people of India were to dilute our long tradition of friendship with the people of Africa and the welcome we have always extended to them in our country”.
Wednesday 27th April 1994 remains entrenched in the memories of many South Africans because it was on this day that the first democratic elections were held. It is the day that signaled the beginning of a South Africa that embraced all those who called it home, a day that would be evidence of the will and determination of the South African people to move forward and create a democratic society governed by a government that is based on the will of the people and the rule of law.